Dictionaries/Encyclopedia/Reference works

Kodansha Encyclopedia of Japan

Hunter, Janet (comp.): Concise Dictionary of Modern Japanese History. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1984.

Hata Ikuhiko: Senzenki Nihon kanryosei no seido - soshiki - jinji (System, organization and personnel of the Japanese bureaucracy in the prewar period). Tokyo: The University of Tokyo Press, 1981.