Prime Minister from 1936-1937
Cabinet list Hirota cabinet
Tenure as Prime Minster: 331 days.
Born in Fukuoka

Hirota graduated from Tokyo University Faculty of Law. A career diplomat, he served as ambassador to Russia (193032) and as foreign minister (193336). In October 1935 he announced his "three principles" - the establishment of a Japan-China-Manchukuo bloc, the suppression of anti-Japanese activities in China, and the organization of a Sino-Japanese front against communism.
He became prime minister in March 1936 after the February 26th Incident and reinstituted the system of appointing only generals and admirals on active duty as army and navy ministers. Hirota also signed the Japanese-German-Italian Anti-Comintern Pact. He was named foreign minister again in the first Konoe Fumimaro cabinet (193739).
During World War II he was a senior statesman (jushin). In 1945 he negotiated to keep the USSR from declaring war on Japan. After the war he was arrested as a war criminal, and in 1948 he was convicted (as the only civilian) and hanged.

Bronze Statue of Hirota Koki in Fukuoka

Time Magazine Cover with Hirota Koki, 1934

Hirota Koki, 1878-1948