Prime Minister from 1931-1932
Cabinet list Inukai Tsuyoshi cabinet
Tenure as Prime Minster: 156 days.
Born in Okayama prefecture

Inukai studied at Keio Gijuku (Keio University) in Tokyo and became a journalist. Participating in the foundation of the party Rikken Kaishinto in 1882, Inukai supported liberal political causes and was critical of the domination of the government by political leaders from the former Choshu and Satsuma cliques. Elected to the House of Representatives in the first general election in 1890 and reelected 17 times, he was a leading figure first in the Shimpoto (Progress Party) and became a protege of Okuma Shigenobu. In 1910 he split from the Shinpoto and organized the Constitutional National Party (Rikken Kokuminto). With Ozaki Yukio, Inukai became the most prominent leader of the Movement for the Protection of Constitutionalism (goken undo) that led to the resignation iof Katsura Taro's third cabinet. For his role, Inukai (and Ozaki) were thereafter called the "Gods of Constitutionalism" (kensei no kamisama).

The Kokuminto, reorganized in 1922 as the Reform Club (Kakushin Kurabu), joined forces with the Kenseikai and the Rikken Seiyukai to form the Kato Takaaki cabinet in 1924, with Inukai as minister of communications. The Kakushin Kurabu later merged with the Seiyukai, and Inukai continued to be elected to the House of Representatives as a senior member of the Seiyukai. With the death of Tanaka Giichi, Inukai became president of the Seiyukai in 1929.

In 1931 Japanese troops of the Kwantung Army started the Manchurian incident and occupied the Chinese provinces of Manchuria (Northeast Provinces). When the cabinet of Wakatsuki Reijiro fell as a consequence, Inukai was asked to organize a cabinet of his own, becoming prime minister in December 1931. Inukai was staunchly opposed to the continued attempts by the military to usurp the decision-making functions of the cabinetand tried to halt further military activities in Manchuria, whereupon he was assassinated during an attempted coup d'etat by ultranationalist officers in 1932, the May 15th Incident.

Inukai Tsuyoshi (Ki, Bokudo), 1855-1932