Born in Kagoshima (Satsuma
Prime Minister from April 30, 1888 to October 25, 1889.
Tenure as Prime Minster: 544 days.
Originally a low-ranking samurai in Satsuma
province, he was an active member of the Satsuma-Choshu joint effort to
overthrow the Tokugawa shogunate. He was a leader in the Boshin War (1868/69),
and became famous after the war for sparing the life of Enomoto Takeaki
, who had stood against Kuroda's army at Hakodate.
Kuroda was later put in charge of settlement efforts in Hokkaido, where
he lived from 1870 to 1882, commuting to and from Tokyo to report to the
government. In 1878, he became leader of the Satsuma clan following the
death of Okubo Toshimichi
. Shortly before he left office in Hokkaido, Kuroda was accused of selling
He became prime minister in 1888 and oversaw the promulgation of the Meiji
Constitution: however, he was forced to resign the following year after
making several momentous blunders in treaty negotiations. He later became
a genro (elder statesman), Communications Minister, and president of the
Kuroda Kiyotaka, 1840-1900