Prime Minister from 1932-1934
Cabinet List Saito Makoto cabinet
Tenure as Prime Minster: 774 days.
Born in Iwate prefecture
Saito graduated from the Japanese Naval Academy in 1879 and went to the
United States for study in 1884, remaining there for some years as naval
attache to the Japanese legation. After serving as vice-minister and chief
of naval administration, Saito was naval minister from 1906 to 1914.
Appointed governor-general of Korea (Chosen sotoku) (1919?27), he inaugurated
a moderate period of Japanese rule that also has been described as a change
from the "military policies" (budan seiji) of his predecessors
to a "cultural policy" (bunka seiji), which, however, still did
include assimilation of the Koreans.
In 1932 Saito was named prime minister after the assassination of Prime
Minister Inukai Tsuyoshi in the May 15th Incident. In defiance of world
opinion, his government formally recognized the puppet state of Manchukuo
created by the Japanese Kwantung army in occupied Manchuria and withdrew
from the League of Nations. The Saito cabinet resigned in July 1934, following
the Teijin Incident, a corruption scandal.
In 1935 Saito was named keeper of the privy seal (naidaijin). He was assassinated
by army officers during the February 26th Incident of 1936 (ni-ni-roku
Saito Makoto, 1858-1936