Born in Tosa (now Kochi), Sakamoto, together with Nakaoka Shintaro
, contributed to the anti-Tokugawa movement. His major effort was the mediation
between the domains Satsuma
, which led to the Satsuma-Choshu alliance of 1866 and Satsuma support
for Choshu in its fights against a Tokugawa punitive expedition.
Before the fall of the Tokugawa Bakufu, Sakamoto and Nakaoka were murdered
by secret police units of the Tokugawa Bakufu in Kyoto.
Sakamoto Ryoma is the hero of several historical novels of popular writer
Shiba Ryotaro, written in the 1960s. These novels have been adapted for
movies, TV series and even multimedia CD-ROMs
, testifying of Sakamoto's continous popularity as a historical "hero"
and "martyr" that died for the cause of revolutionary change
and modernization of Japan.
Sakamoto is buried in Gokoku Shrine
in Kyoto, next to Nakaoka.
Statue of Sakamoto Ryoma in Nagasaki
Most famous pictures of Sakamoto Ryoma
Sakamoto Ryoma, 1836-1867