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Reference sites/pages

List of Japanese Cabinets, 1885-1934

List of Japanese Cabinets, 1937-1972

List of Japanese Cabinets, 1972-

Total Tenure of Japanese Prime Ministers; longest-living and shortest-living cabinets

Japanese Colonial Administration in Taiwan, Sakhalin, Korea, Liaotung

Chief of General Staff and Generals of the Imperial Japanese Army


List of Japanese Peerage

List of bronze statues of figures from Japanese history

List of historical museums in Japan (with pictures and virtual tours)

List of Japanese Prime Ministers’ visits to Yasukuni Shrine

Historical Documents

(for more links to document collections in the internet see the “Links” section in this menu!)

Meiji Period

Treaty of Kanagawa between Japan and the US (1854)
Treaty between Japan and Prussia (1861)
Treaty between Japan and the North German League (1869)
Meiji Charter Oath (Five Articles of the Meiji Restoration, 1868)
Emperor Meiji’s letter to President Grant on Iwakura Mission (1871)
Okubo Toshimichi’s Plea against an expedition to Korea (1873)
The Constitution of the Japanese Empire (1889)
English and Japanese texts
Imperial Rescript on Education (1890)
Treaty of Shimonoseki (1895)
Komura-Weber-Memorandum (1896) concerning Korea
German Emperor William II’s “Hun Speech” (1900)
Inofficial version of the “Hun Speech”
English translations of both versions
Anglo-Japanese Alliance, 1902/1905
Documents relating to the history of the Russo-Japanese War 1904/05
Treaty of Portsmouth (1905) see also
Treaty of Annexation of Korea by Japan (1910)
Declaration of Korean Independence (1919)


Japanese Declaration of War against Germany (1914)
Japan’s “21 Demands to China” (1915)
Woodrow Wilson’s 14 Points (1918)
Peace Treaty of Versailles (1919)
America’s Siberian Adventure” (Gen. William Graves)
Memorandum “On Total Mobilization” (Kokka Sodoin ni tsuite, Nagta Tetsuzan, only Japanese) (1920)
Kita Ikki’s “Plan for the Reconstruction of Japan” (1921) (only Japanese)
Nine Powers Treaty of Washington (1922)
Four Powers Treaty of Washington (1922)

Early Showa Period

Koa no Taigyo (Matsuoka Yosuke) (1933)
Kokutai no Hongi (1938)
Dreimaechtepakt (Tripartite Pact, Sangoku Domei – Germany, Japan, Italy) (1940)
Tripartite Pact in Japanese 日独伊三国同盟
Further Documents on Japan, Germany and Italy in World War II
Declaration of War (Kaisen Sengen) (1941)
Greater East Asian Proclamation (1943)
Instrument of Surrender (2 September 1945)


The Birth of the Constitution
The Constitution of Japan (1946)
Imperial Rescript of 1 January 1946 (Ningen Sengen) (1946)
San Francisco Peace Treaty (1951)

For further documents on postwar history, English and Japanese
University of Tokyo, The Institute of Oriental Culture
Basic Documents of Postwar International Politics

  • Languages

    German, Japanese